The eyes are highly sensitive organs of human parts. it is god gifted to vision the world.
But sleep over on life without eyes, How would you survive?
You get affected by several types of diseases here, and the eye is one of them.
Here you with learn about diabetic eye problems in humans. so let’s start learning.
This is a common disease among patients with diabetes, which occurs when diabetics damage the blood vessels in their eyes. If a condition called diabetic retinopathy gets worse, some of the blood vessels close, causing new ones to grow or proliferate on the retina’s surface.
The leading cause of blindness among American adults, diabetic retinopathy occurs when changes to blood vessels in the retina result either in leakage from vessels or abnormal new growths of blood vessels on the surface of the retina. The abnormal blood vessels associated with diabetic retinopathy encourage the growth of scar tissue, which can push the retina from the back of the eye. Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication caused when high blood sugar levels damage the back of the eye (retinal).
Diabetes is characterized by excessive sugar in the blood, which causes damage to the entire body, including the eyes. Consistently high blood sugar levels put you at higher risk for complications from diabetes, including severe eye problems. When your body has too little insulin, or the insulin does not work properly in your body, you may get diabetes, the condition when you have abnormally high levels of glucose, or sugar, in your blood.
If blood sugar levels are changing rapidly, diabetes may be changing the shape of the lens of your eyes, which causes vision to become blurry. When diabetics have prolonged periods of high blood sugar, fluid may build up inside the eye lenses, which control focus. The macula – the central part of the retina that provides clear, direct vision – may bulge because of blood vessels leaking from diabetes.
Over time, diabetic macular edema can erode sharp vision in that part of your eye, leading to some loss of vision or blindness. Other symptoms cannot be diagnosed until vision loss has already occurred, so it is essential to get regular eye exams. Even if diabetes is under control and you are not experiencing symptoms, the disease may still damage your eyes.
The good news is, diabetic eye damage is usually preventable with early detection, proper treatment of diabetes, and regular diabetes eye exams. Often, diabetic eye disease or signs of vision loss are not warning signs when the damage is first developing. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels cause eye damage well before symptoms develop, and diabetic eye disease can cause serious eye loss and even blindness at any stage.
This damage may start in pre-diabetes when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough for you to be diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes also makes it more likely that you will develop other eye conditions, including cataracts and glaucoma. Diabetes-related eye conditions are a leading cause of vision loss in working-age adults in the U.S.
People with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are at higher risk for developing some eye conditions – such as cataracts, glaucoma, damage to the retina, and macular edema. Patients with Type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of developing diabetic eye diseases, a group of diabetic-related eye conditions, like diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema (DME).